Mechanical Assembly

To put the rest of the device together, follow these steps:

1. Create the main enclosure (EN1) from a 15- inch section of 2 ‘/«-inch schedule 40 PVC tub­ing, as shown in Figure 22-8. Note the 2 ‘/2-inch clearance holes accessing the retaining screw on LUG6 that are necessary to secure the emitter selection and passage of the leads to the HA1 handle section. You may want to use a piece of 2 ‘A-inch OD clear plaslic tub­ing with a 2-inch ID for this piece as il allows viewing of the circuit innards and can be impressive it your assembly is neat and orderly.

2. Build the handle section H A1 from a 6-inch piece of 1.9-inch schedule 40 PVC tubing.

Note the contour that is filed out to fit the curvature of the enclosure section is at a slight angle, providing a gun-like look. You will need a small hole for the passage of the BRK1 grounding lead and a hole for the pushbutton switch PBl. The hole will require recessing using a 3/4-inch wood bit because the width of the handle tubing is too wide to allow ade­quate clearance for the securing nut.

3. Create the bracket, BRK1, from a 10-inch length of ‘/’-inch.035 aluminum strip and shape as shown in Figure 22-8. Drill holes for the screws (SCRW1).

Battenes are inserted by removing cap CAP3 and sliding out battery holder BH1 and inserting 8 AA cells Attach the clip and reinstall. Always verily that the battenes are making proper contact with the end contacts of the holder as some, being new, are tight and do not allow the batteries to slide into place.

Mechanical Assembly

Figure 22-9 Ion ray and charge gun

4. Assemble everything as shown in Figure 22-9, reading all the data in the figure.

Operation and Rpplications

The unit’s output will be a soft, bluish flame forming at the emitter point. Ions are produced by charge concentration occurring at the end of the ion emitter. In order to be optimized, a return path to ground is necessary and is provided by a conductive hand grip connected to the common line of the circuit. The user now creates the ground return or electrical image necessary for enhancing the charge and ion mobility.

Control of the system is done via a pushbutton switch. This switch can easily be modified or changed to suit the user’s needs. A low-current, spring-loaded push button is shown.

Power to the unit is via an eight A A ccll battery pack fitted in the handle. This approach provides a neat compact unit. Rechargeable batteries may be used, utilizing a built-in charging circuit for those applications where constant use is required.

Your ion ray gun demonstrates an interesting phe­nomenon involving the mobility of charged particles. It is capable of producing the following effects:

• Inducing electrical shocks in other people

• Causing lamps to l licker and ignite without contact

• Causing paper to s»tick to surfaces, playing cards, and so on

• Causing motion of objects/ion motors

• Charging of objects to a high potential with­out comact

• Static electricity experiments

• Kirlian photography and ozone production

Mechanical Assembly

Figure 22-10 Experiments

• Strange and bizarre effects on certain materials

• Effects on painted and insulated surfaces that require darkness

• Effects on vapors, steam, and liquids

• Visual discharge of plasma forcc, corona, and so on

• Effect on elccironics equipment, TV. and com­puters—use caution

The device accomplishes all the previous effects without any direct connections other than the travel­ing of ions through the air. In order to demonstrate this effect, it is necessary to produce voltages of mag­nitudes that may be at a hazardous shock potential but at a relatively small amperage. Even though the device is battery operated with low-input voltage, it must be treated with caution. Use discretion when using, as it is possible for a person wearing insulated shoes to accumulate enough of a charge to produce a moderately painful or irritating shock when he touches a grounded object. The effect could cause injury to a person in weak physical condition (note

the warnings). The effects depend on many parame­ters. including humidity, leakage amounts, types of objects, and proximity.

The device can be used in two ways. When the out­put is terminated into a large, smooth-surface collec­tor such as a large metal sphere or oblate, it becomes a useful high-potential source capable of powering particle accelerators and other related devices. It may be built as a producer of negative or positive ions, demonstrating a phenomenon that is often regarded as a demerit when building and designing high-volt­age power supplies.

The device is then terminated into a sharp point where the leakage of positive or negative ions can occur. This will result in corona and the formation of nitric acid via the production of the ozone produced when combining with nitrogen and forming nitrous oxide, which, with water, produces this strong acid. The production of ions as leakage also robs the avail­able current from the supply

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